Over the past week, the UCLA’s Charles E. Young Research Library (YRL) has been featuring “scary” books from its special collections on its Facebook page. I think that is a fantastic idea, a great way of showcasing some of our fabulous materials. Oliver Mattheusens, a library assistant in my department, has certainly been enjoying himself in coming up with the materials and the status updates. He actually has a lot more stories to tell about these books, but doesn’t have the time to write up an involved post. So, I’m copying his Facebook posts, with some minor editing, into this blog post so that it’s easier to read and follow (that timeline just doesn’t make for easy reading!). Mostly copying, that is. I’ll do some editing, paraphrasing, and adding of more information, as well as some of my own and others’ comments.
In picking the five books for this series, Oliver did not limit himself to the definition of scary as frightening, but also included the macabre, the magical, and the grisly. In addition, he didn’t look at just the contents of the books to define scary, but also the production, provenance, and use of the books. He went through a couple dozen books before deciding on the final five. I think he did an excellent job!
Here are the five scary books:
Scary Book No. 1
On October 24, the day before he started the series, Oliver posted this teaser:
Hi YRL fans, tomorrow we’ll start with our “Scary Books from the YRL” series to celebrate Halloween. The first book is quite unique, the oldest of its kind in fact, and so scary that even the most hardened UCLA librarians do not dare touch it.
I think he’s right. I’m not sure I would touch it. But then again, I just might so I can say I’ve done it.
The first book is a French monograph, entitled Relation des mouvemens de la ville de Messine, depvis l’année M.DC.LXXI. jusques à present, and is believed to be the oldest book in the world that is bound in human skin. (In case you were wondering, anthropodermic bibliopegy is the term for the practice of binding books in human skin.)
According to the note on the flyleaf of the book, believed to have been written by former owner James Westfall Thompson,
…The binding is human skin. The book is from the library of Armand Jerome Bignon (1711-1772), librarian of Louis XV.
We are not certain whose skin was used, but according to the “Religatum de Pelle Humana”, Louis XV was rumored to have a book bound in the skin of one of his ex-mistresses. The most likely candidate is Pauline Félicité de Mailly-Nesle, Marquise de Vintimille.
Here is a picture of said lady, along with Oliver’s caption:
According to Oliver (when we talked), this lady kept saying that she wanted to visit her hometown. She instead became the cover for a kind of travel or migration book. (In English, the title would be Relationship of the movements of the city of Messina, from the year M.DC.LXXI to the present.)
I re-posted the first picture to my Facebook timeline, saying something like “this is not a binder full of woman, but a book bound with a woman” (can’t get the actual status because timeline won’t let me get to that day!). I’m not the only one who had the same thought. A commenter on the YRL page said, “not to get too political, but this certainly puts a different spin on ‘binders of women.'”
When I saw the posting, I wanted to know which book it was and asked for the title and call number, since that information had not been included in the original post. Oliver told me that Special Collections did not want the information included, as too many people might request it. In fact, a lot of people did want to see it, so Special Collections hurriedly did a display in their flash exhibit case. And I was one of the folks who went to see it. It was only there for a few days.
Scary Book No. 2
The second book in the series is called De mysteriis Aegyptiorum, Chaldaeorum, Assyriorum(On the mysteries of the Egyptians, the Chaldeans, the Assyrians). It is a grimoire written around the 3rd century by the ancient philosopher Iamblichus. According to Oliver,
Grimoires were textbooks of magic, used to divine the future, cast spells and summon supernatural creatures. When we were leafing through the book, we found handwritten marginalia next to a paragraph about animal sacrifices, indicating that its owner had actually used the text.
The book was printed by the famous Venetian publisher Aldus Manutius in 1497. Oliver states,
The logo of publisher Aldus Manutius, a dolphin intertwined with an anchor. Aldus Manutius was a Renaissance book publisher in Venice, who pioneered many of the techniques still used in modern book printing, such as the use of italics and “paperback” editions of famous works. YRL has one of the largest collections of Aldus Manutius imprints in the world.
Scary Book No. 3
The third book is entitled Aufschlüsse zur Magie aus geprüften Erfahrungen über verborgene philosophische Wissenschaften und verdeckte Geheimnisse der Natur. It is
…an encyclopedia of magic written in the 18th century by the Bavarian mystic Karl von Eckartshausen, founder of the Illuminati and one of the first people to use magic lanterns to conjure up ghosts.
The scary thing about the book is not so much the book itself, but who it belonged to: Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS during the Third Reich and devout believer in pagan mysticism. The book was a private gift to Himmler and part of his large collection of occult books.
Inscribed on the flyleaf of volume 1 is this note “H. Himmler, Geschenk von Frau Minni Siegl, Jul 1938.”
Here is an illustration from the book. It
…depicts an 18th century summoning of ghosts. Notice how the aristocrat in the hat stands in a protective circle, purportedly necessary to protect him from the “ghost.”
This is not necessarily about the conjuring of real ghosts; it is also about the impression of doing so. Oliver continues,
Even as a believer in the supernatural, Karl von Eckartshausen wasn’t above some crafty tricks to summon up “ghosts”. Apart from magic lanterns, he also used the proverbial “smoke and mirrors” to create the impression of spirits. The illustration above shows how with some cleverly placed mirrors, you could create the appearance of “ghosts.”
Scary Book No. 4
Scary book no. 4 is actually a bunch of imprints of the same book. It is not macabre like the previous ones (certainly more colorful), but it is certainly still scary. According to Oliver,
The illustrations for the fourth “Scary Book” are taken from several 19th century imprints of the infamous “Struwwelpeter” book. Originally published in Germany in 1845, the book became a worldwide hit and was translated into English as “Shockheaded Peter” or “Slovenly Peter.”
Here is an 1853 English translation, printed in Philadelphia:
The book was supposed to be a children’s primer, teaching elementary school kids “good manners” and tips on how to be “neat scholars,” but nowadays reads more like a little book of horrors that traumatized millions of 19th century children for life.
For example, it tells kids to cut their nails, or else…
As Oliver explains,
The Struwwelpeter books contain poems about different kinds of children’s “vices,” meant to illustrate the terrible consequences of immoral behavior. This one is about a girl who liked to play with matches and got burned. Notice how the tears of her cats form a tiny lake with an island for her slippers in the middle.
Here’s another one:
Throughout the 19th century, German kids were told that if they sucked their thumbs, a man with huge scissors (and a large orange hat apparently) would come and cut their digits off. A fine example of the Prussian style of parenting…
This book got awesome reactions from one Facebook follower. He commented,
hey I know this story! it’s from a german tale book. They translate it as “Shock-Headed Peter” haha. These are didactic stories from old Germany though my grandma thought these were good bed time stories. One kid has knives fall on top of him. Another one doesn’t eat his soup and goes out in a tornado and gets blown away. A girl catches her hair on fire and burns to death. Those were my childhood stories. Strublepater hahaha. how could I forget?
thanks UCLA librarians, you bring back old childhood memories
When I re-posted the last picture on my timeline, a fellow librarian commented:
Struwwelpeter. Gruesome stuff. So crazy that this is one of the first true children’s books.
Scary Book No. 5
Today’s imprint, the last in the series is another grimoire. It is purported to contain the secret knowledge, given to him by the archangel Gabriel, that the biblical King Solomon used to summon up demons.
There are some some very specific instructions. According to Oliver,
The circles necessary to protect yourself against Beelzebub and Astaroth when summoning them. Better double-check all the little drawings…
And these are the magic words themselves. Oliver continues,
The words necessary to summon Lucifer, Beelzebub or Astaroth. According to the book, Lucifer is often busy and Beelzebub very, very cranky, so Astaroth is probably your best bet. Use at your own risk!
Oliver adds this disclaimer,
Of course, we are NOT responsible if you want to try this out for Halloween. If you do and get some interesting results though, let us know. Happy Halloween!
And, there you have it. Wasn’t that fun and fascinating? I don’t have time to seek out these things, so I’m glad Oliver took the time. I learned a little bit something about our collections.